Discovering the Secrets of Abu Simbel

The Marvelous History of Abu Simbel

Abu Simbel is an ancient temple located in southern Egypt, near the border with Sudan. It was built in the 13th century BC by Pharaoh Ramesses II and is known for its colossal statues towering over 60 feet tall. The temple complex is also renowned for its intricate carvings and hieroglyphics depicting battles, ceremonies, and religious myths. Despite being more than 3,000 years old, Abu Simbel is still standing today, testifying to the engineering prowess of the ancient Egyptians. Enhance your learning experience with this recommended external website. Inside, you’ll discover extra and engaging details on the topic discussed in the piece. Private Tours Of Egypt!

The Great Move of Abu Simbel

In the 1960s, the construction of the Aswan High Dam threatened to flood the Abu Simbel complex, prompting an international effort to save the site. The temples were dismantled and painstakingly moved to a new location on higher ground, an operation that involved cutting the granite blocks into smaller pieces, numbering them, and reassembling them like a giant puzzle.

The Fascinating Experience of Visiting Abu Simbel

If you’re planning to visit Abu Simbel, it’s advisable to go early in the morning to avoid the scorching heat. You can either take a tour bus from Aswan, which is about a three-hour drive, or fly via a charter flight, which takes about 40 minutes. The entrance fee to the site is around $15 per person, and you can spend up to two hours exploring the temples and admiring the stunning views of Lake Nasser.

As you enter the main temple, you’ll be greeted by the imposing figures of Ramesses II, flanked by smaller statues of his wife Nefertari, his mother, and his sons. The interior is dark and narrow, but the walls are covered with colorful reliefs and carvings, depicting scenes from Ramesses’ life, such as his coronation, his battles against the Hittites, and his worship of the gods. The smaller temple nearby is dedicated to Nefertari, who was Ramesses’ favorite wife, and features her own statues and reliefs.

The Best Time to Visit Abu Simbel

Abu Simbel is open to visitors all year round, but the best time to go is between October and April when the weather is milder, and the crowds are thinner. During the summer months, temperatures can reach up to 120 degrees Fahrenheit, making it almost unbearable to stay outside for more than a few minutes. However, if you’re willing to endure the heat, you can witness a spectacular event on February 22 and October 22 each year, when the rays of the sun penetrate the temple’s inner sanctum and illuminate the statue of Ramesses for about 20 minutes, a phenomenon known as the “Sun Festival.”

The Importance of Preserving Abu Simbel

Abu Simbel is not only a testament to ancient civilization but also a reminder of the challenges of preserving our cultural heritage in the face of natural and man-made threats. The relocation of the temple was a remarkable achievement of engineering, but it also raised questions about the impact of modern development on historical sites.

Today, Abu Simbel faces new challenges, such as the erosion of the sandstone statues due to the extreme weather conditions, the corrosion of the hieroglyphics from pollution and acid rain, and the risk of theft or vandalism. To ensure the long-term survival of Abu Simbel and other archaeological treasures, we need to invest in conservation efforts, raise awareness of their value, and educate future generations about their significance.


Visiting Abu Simbel is not only a journey through time and space but also an opportunity to appreciate the ingenuity, creativity, and spirituality of our ancestors. It’s a humbling experience to stand in front of these colossal statues and imagine the people who carved them with primitive tools and unwavering dedication. It’s also a reminder of our responsibility to preserve and protect these wonders for generations to come. Explore this external source we’ve arranged for you and discover additional details on the subject discussed. Expand your knowledge and explore new perspectives, Private tours of Egypt

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