Exploring the Types of Company Liquidation

Understanding Liquidation

Liquidation is a legal process when a company ends its operations and sells off all its assets to pay off outstanding debts. Company liquidation is often viewed as a last resort for businesses that are struggling financially. There are various reasons why a company might choose to liquidate, such as the inability to pay its debts, poor management, or market disruption. However, this process can be complex and time-consuming. Here, we explore the types of company liquidation.

Voluntary Liquidation

Voluntary liquidation is a process that takes place when company directors decide they want to close the business. This type of liquidation usually happens when a company is insolvent, meaning that it no longer has the means to pay its debts. During this process, company directors must appoint a licensed insolvency practitioner who will help with the liquidation process. The appointed practitioner will look after the interests of the company’s creditors whilst also ensuring that the directors comply with their legal obligations.

Compulsory Liquidation

Involuntary liquidation is also known as compulsory liquidation, where an external party, such as a creditor legally applies to the courts for the winding-up of the company. This process can be initiated by any creditors that are owed more than £750 by the company. The creditor can apply to the courts to liquidate the company once the company has failed to respond to a statutory demand for payment. If the application is successful, a liquidator will be appointed to sell off the company’s assets and distribute the proceeds to the creditors.

Members’ Voluntary Liquidation

A members’ voluntary liquidation is a process that takes place when the owners of a solvent company decide to close the business and liquidate its assets. Unlike voluntary liquidation, the company’s owners must prove that the business is solvent and that all of its debts can be paid within 12 months of the liquidation process starting. If the company is solvent, owners can retain more control over the liquidation process. An appointed insolvency practitioner may oversee the process, but the shareholders generally retain control over the liquidation’s outcome.

Creditors’ Voluntary Liquidation

Creditors’ voluntary liquidation is a process that starts when a majority of directors agree that the company cannot pay its debts. Here, the directors voluntarily take the initiative to wind up the company and appoint a liquidator to oversee the process. Creditors of the company are notified, and they are allowed to attend meetings to discuss the company’s liquidation. The appointed liquidator will sell the company’s assets and distribute the proceeds to the creditors. This process is often quicker than other liquidation processes. Complement your reading by visiting this recommended external resource. Inside, you’ll discover supplementary and worthwhile details to broaden your understanding of the subject. business closure, give it a look!


Company liquidation can be an overwhelming process that can result from a multitude of reasons. Understanding the types of company liquidation available is crucial in determining the best approach for the company. The liquidation process can be complicated, and it’s essential to hire a licensed insolvency practitioner that can guide the parties involved through the process.

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